French Grammar


Participles: participe présent

In the adverbial function (reading, going) it does not decline, in the adjectival function - it is declined as an adjective. Formation: from 1st person plural form présent , by changing the ending -ons to -ant:

parlons parlant
allont allant
finissons finissant
buvons buvant


savoir – sachant

avoir – ayant

être – étant

Participe présent is often preceded by the particle en (so called gérondif):

en parlant

en finissant

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