German grammar

Partizip II.

It is a past participle. Corresponds to the Polish participle in -ny, -th, type: read, killed . It is used to create many tenses, e.g. Perfect , Plusquamperfekt and the passive voice.

Regular verbs form it using the prefix ge- and the ending -t: gemacht .

The prefix ge- do not accept verbs ending in -ieren, verbs beginning with unstressed prefixes: be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ge-, ver-, zer-, many other verbs with unstressed first syllable, verbs beginning with unstressed and inseparable prefixes: durch-, hinter-, über-, unter-, wider-. Examples: begehrt, erdichtet, verrostet, studiert, überführt .

If the verb is separably complex, it follows the prefix: vorstellen > vor-ge-stellt .

Verbs ending in the infinitive in -ten, -den and -men, -nen preceded by a consonant instead of -t take the ending -et.

Irregular verbs: the rules for accepting ge- are the same, but their form is given in dictionaries. It usually ends in -en.

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