German grammar


Imperativ occurs in the 2nd person. In the rest of forms, it is replaced by Konjunktiv Präsens .


In the second person singular it has the -e ending: mache . In the colloquial language, forms without the ending are more common: mach .

Verbs that change e to i in Präsens never take the ending -e: sprich .

Exceptional forms: sein > sei , sehen > sehe , verden > verde .

The second person plural imperative equals the second person plural present: geht, macht, kommt .

We usually do not use the personal pronoun in imperative forms.

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